Computer Servers - The Basics
Most people who work in an office environment where computers are used on a daily basis are likely to have heard the term computer server or perhaps ‘server room’. The latter is where computer servers live and in most small and medium-sized firms it takes the form of a cupboard like room where the temperature is closely controlled. Computer equipment is extremely sensitive and can be affected by everything from temperature changes to humidity and dust. As there are now few businesses that don’t rely on computer servers, ensuring a stable environment in server rooms is key.
But what is a computer server?
Put simply, a server is a computer that allows for software and information to be passed on to other computers via a network system. These secondary computers can either be connected to the server physically, via cables, or using a wireless network. The main aim of the network is to manage access to files and information centrally in the most efficient way possible.
All companies have information that they wouldn’t want getting into the wrong hands. Some information needs to be shared of course, and its spread can in theory be controlled with the use of non-disclosure agreements. In the digital world there are also measures that can be put in place to help ensure the integrity of a system and prevent unauthorized access to information. In the majority of cases, individual computers and endpoints are used by hackers to provide a foothold into an organization, they are not the intended target. In most cases the target remains the company’s computer server. Data produced as part of the Verizon 2012 Data Breach Investigations Report found that 68 per cent of security breaches were linked to servers and that 94 per cent of stolen data was from companies’ servers.
Protecting data held on servers is an important consideration for all businesses using the technology, but just as important is having a system in place to deal with the recovery of information in order to keep the company operational in the event of a server issue. Having a solid back-up solution will help to keep a firm on its feet in the event of an emergency. Illegal actions of a hacker, hardware failure or a file corruption can all bring down a server, the important thing is being ready for the unexpected and by having a duplicate copy of all the company’s data on a hard disk, it is possible to ensure that the business faces minimum downtime and is able to become fully operational again in the shortest possible time.
One of the main reasons that small companies switch over to a server system is to centralize a firm’s emails. By adding a server and configuring it to handle everyone’s email tasks, not only is the process made far quicker, it is also a lot more secure. In addition, moving email access to a server arrangement will allow a company to make access to emails available through mobile devices such as smartphones and tablet computers.
Guest post contributed by Simon Belfield. A self-confessed tech – geek. Currently working around computer servers and regularly blogging on technology based subjects. An avid user of Data Centre UK server storage.